"the history of Dutch ‘democracy’ has been characterized by an emphasis on freedom, self-government by a broadly defined elite and a strong civil society, rather than by participation of the population at large. Democracy only became really popular after the Second World War when it could be defined as protection against dictatorship. The Dutch case shows that we should be careful about equating a strong civil society or even the rule of law with democracy in the sense of the power of the people at large."Referens
Henk te Velde (2019) "The emergence of the Netherlands as a ‘democratic’ country", Journal of Modern European History Vol. 17(2) 161–170.